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officer to inmate ratio

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This post has 22 Replies | 17 Followers

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DMcKnight Posted: Thu, Oct 5 2006 10:26 AM
Does your state have mandatory minimum officer to inmate ratios?  If so what are they. 
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docgrunt replied on Thu, Oct 12 2006 3:31 PM
I am from MD and on my shift at my state prison we are out numbered. We have approx 60 officers watching nearly 3,000 inmates. So I guess we don't have any mandatory minimums.
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mkuehl replied on Sun, Oct 22 2006 10:23 PM
In the state of Wisconsin for juvenile detention facilites, we have a mandatory ratio of 1 officer per 15 inmates.  In the juvenile portion of a county jail, it is 1 officer per 30 inmates.
Matthew L. Kuehl
La Crosse County Juvenile Facility Supervisor
Training Officer
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GPhillips replied on Tue, Oct 24 2006 9:23 PM
I'm in Texas and our ratio is 1 per 48 inmates in our county Jial , and 1 per. 100 in  our state prisons.
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Pebs replied on Wed, Oct 25 2006 2:09 PM
I, Too am from Maryland and work in a large facility with aproximately 3,000 inmates. We have generally 1 oficer to 1 teir of inmates( around 70 to 100 inmates per officer) so I would say we are diffently out numbered. At this rate, no wonder officers are getting keilled and assualted in our state!
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I dont know if there are any specific inmate to officer ratios in Arkansas we have open bay barracks (3 levels, Upper tier and Lower tier  55 inmates and the middle tier dayroom).  We have 1 officer watching 2 barracks at a time so max is 110 per officer.  We have a rover or a housing sergeant that comes to assist the barracks officer with security checks every half hour. 

 

If you count all the officers in the facility we have around 16 Officers (23 when all positions are filled and everyone is at work), 4 Sergeants and a Leiutenant on shift with about 550 inmates.  Best case we have 28 to 550=19 to 1.  Most of the time it is more like 15 to 500 = 33 to 1.

 

Yes, we are out numbered but like a wise old Corrections Officer said to me "They let us be in charge.  If they want to take over  they can,  for awhile".

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I don't know if there is a standard in Wisconsin, but I have never seen it in writing. At our facility the ratio is 45 inmates (average) to 3 officers per shift, which works out to 15:1. That has increased since they took away my 4th officer in 2002 for budgetary reasons.
Mark F. King
Jail Administrator
Menominee Tribal Detention Facility
W3293 Wolf River Drive
P.O. Box 550
Keshena, WI 54135
(715) 799-3592
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GPhillips replied on Fri, Oct 27 2006 11:05 PM
In the Jial we have 100 male inmates for 2 officers and 1 Cpl. which works out good !!
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IAM IN GEORGIA  AT THE PRISON I WORK AT IN THE 2 MAN CELLS IT IS 1 OFFICER PER 100 INMATES AND IN THE OPEN PODS IT IS 350 PER 2 OFFICERS.WE HAVE AROUND 32 OFFICERS ON NIGHTS COMPARED TO 1,820 INMATES WE ARE VERY MUCH OUT NUMBERED.Idea AND IT IS NOT GOING TO GET BETTER.I DON'T THINK THERE IS A RATIO .

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IAM IN GEORGIA  AT THE PRISON I WORK AT IN THE 2 MAN CELLS IT IS 1 OFFICER PER 100 INMATES AND IN THE OPEN PODS IT IS 350 PER 2 OFFICERS.WE HAVE AROUND 32 OFFICERS ON NIGHTS COMPARED TO 1,820 INMATES WE ARE VERY MUCH OUT NUMBERED.Idea AND IT IS NOT GOING TO GET BETTER.I DON'T THINK THERE IS A RATIO .

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IAM IN GEORGIA  AT THE PRISON I WORK AT IN THE 2 MAN CELLS IT IS 1 OFFICER PER 100 INMATES AND IN THE OPEN PODS IT IS 350 PER 2 OFFICERS.WE HAVE AROUND 32 OFFICERS ON NIGHTS COMPARED TO 1,820 INMATES WE ARE VERY MUCH OUT NUMBERED.Idea AND IT IS NOT GOING TO GET BETTER.I DON'T THINK THERE IS A RATIO .

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Pebs replied on Fri, Nov 24 2006 5:43 PM

Hello, which institution in Maryland do you work at?  I work in Maryland also with nearly the same odds.

 

Pebs 

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docgrunt replied on Fri, Nov 24 2006 5:47 PM
I work at MCTC in Hagerstown,MD
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There is no mandatory officer-inmate ratios in California jails.

Lieutenant Craig Wilson

Santa Cruz County Sheriff's Office, California

Craig Wilson
Sheriff's Lieutenant
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mooregx2 replied on Thu, Dec 14 2006 5:31 AM
I'm trying to find information, trends, statistics, etc... to support an increase in staffing levels. I posted a question a few days ago. So far I haven't gotten much of a response. It seems like staffing issues are nationwide. No one wants to commit to mandatory staffing levels. Our system is based on the number of post within the facility. Here is the flaw....a single post (Housing Unit), may be responsible for hundreds of inmates. If anyone out there has a unique or inovative way to deal with this issue, please help. 
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You can download the publication, "Staffing Analysis Workbook for Jails" from the NIC webpage.  This publication will give you an excellent idea of how to appropriately staff your facility.

Lieutenant Gerald T. Milan, CJM Jacksonville Sheriff's Office Department of Corrections 500 East Adams Street Jacksonville, FL 32202 Email: Gerald.Milan@jaxsheriff.org Phone: 904-630-5744 Fax: 904-630-7550

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In Santa Cruz, there is a fixed number of positions per posts, similar to what you describe. If and when the inmate population reaches certain pre-designated levels an extra officer works to augment minimum staffing levels. We have two of those high population levels designated.

 

Lieutenant Craig Wilson

Santa Cruz County Sheriff's Office, California 

Craig Wilson
Sheriff's Lieutenant
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I work for the federal system and cannot comment on all of the facilities within my agency. I can however, comment on the facility where I work. Currently I am unaware of any written policy that dictates how many staff per inmate there should be within the secure confines of the facility. We have policies that dictate staff to inmate ratio as far as work supervision or outside escorts. Now about staffing. If you consider total staff compliment vs. inmates we operate at approximately 5 staff per inmate. This however, would mean that all staff (including administrative staff) would be here at all times to supervise all inmates. As we all know this is not reality. Looking solely at correctional services staff (custody) we have a different picture of 11.4 staff per inmate and this number would mean that all correctional officers would have to be at the facility 24/7 to supervise all inmates, again not reality. Now taking an average of correctional officers per shift allowing for time off, vacations, sick leave, the number we get are closer to 58 staff per inmate and looking even further, depending on what areas of the facility you work you may end up with about 1 staff with 400+ inmates as a worst case scenario in my facility.
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New York State claims an officer to inmate ratio of 3:1, but, this would account for all staff on duty 24/7, 365 days. Our usual ratio during lets say the 3-11 shift is 60:1, if you were to consider recreational areas during this shift, 100:1, due to the fact that staff to cover these areas is far less due to staffing assignments. If our housing unit officers were to close their dorm areas during recreational time, and report to these areas, the ratio would virtually remain the same, due to all inmates would be at recreation, but this is not the case. With the budget problems in the state, and the rate of retirements occuring, this ratio could widen, due to staffing levels being reduced at state facilities
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RickD1952 replied on Thu, May 13 2010 2:20 PM
Anyone out there aware of any mandated ratios in Illinois? Federal or Statewise?
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