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Thinking About Corrections

Thinking About Corrections

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    Has civil rights injunctive practice in corrections faded? Scholar says "no"

    In her paper, "Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders" , Margo Schlanger (University of Michigan Law School) argues that, "even now, ten years after passage of the PLRA, the civil rights injunction is more alive even in the prison and jail setting than the conventional wisdom recognizes" (from the Abstract). The article appears in the New York University Law Review, Vol. 81, 2006. Review Ms. Schlanger's other published works .
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    Incarceration Rates by Race and Ethnicity

    In this report , the Sentencing Project uses data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics to chart state-by-state rates of prison and jail incarceration by race and ethnicity, drawing conclusions regarding diverse racial disparities.
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    What Works in Reducing Recidivism and Preventing Crime?

    The literature on What Works has a major new addition. " What Works: Effective Recidivism Reduction and Risk-Focused Prevention Programs" was prepared by Roger Przybylski, RKC Group for the Colorado Division of Criminal Justice, but the literature reviewed is national in scope. Its promising subtitle reads "A Compendium of Evidence-Based Options for Preventing New and Persistent Criminal Behavior."
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    In-Depth Look At Inmate Literacy

    How well can prison inmates use printed and written information to function in society? The National Center for Education Statistics today released a long-awaited report, Literacy Behind Bars : Results From the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey. The report examines literacy from a wide variety of characteristics, including race/ethnicity, gender, educational attainment, age, language spoken before staring school, and parents' educational attainment. It also examines relationships...
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    Are You A Leader Or A Lone Nut?

    Link to Video “What are the skills and attributes of an effective correctional leader and how can they be developed?” To answer this question, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and the Academy Division developed the Core Competencies Project. This project called on the expertise of a number of respected professionals in the leadership field to identify the qualities needed by effective leaders across a wide range of correctional agencies/organizations. After defining four levels...
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    What Works in Assessing Sex Offender Recidivism Risk

    How does professional clinical judgment stack up against actuarial measures in assessing which sexual offenders will offend again? Canada's Public Safety department takes on this question in a new meta-analysis of evaluations. Results can be read in the report, The Accuracy of Recidivism Risk Assessments for Sexual Offenders: A Meta-Analysis .
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    The "Most Punitive States for Women"

    Drawing data from a variety of sources, primarily Federally produced, the National Council on Crime and Delinquency has created a composite review of The Nation's Most Punitive States for Women . The factsheet provides state-by-state figures for women held in state prison or local jails, women on probation and parole, juvenile girls in custody, and an aggregate of total control.
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    Evidence-Based Ways to Avoid Prison Construction - What Works to Save Money?

    The Washington State Institute for Public Policy, which last January gave us an extraordinary review of what works in adult correctional programs , now tackles the question of evidence-based options to reduce future need for prison beds in a new report, Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Future Prison Construction, Criminal Justice Costs, and Crime Rates .
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    Domestic Violence Risk Assessment Instruments and Research on Batterer Intervention Programs

    The National Institute of Corrections has released two (2) reports that provide an overview of domestic violence risk assessment instruments and a guide to understanding research findings on batterer intervention programs. Among the issues examined in the overview are generalized third generation assessment tools vs. offense-specific instruments, how to select an assessment instrument, and the most commonly used assessment instruments in the U.S.. The second report looks at research examining the...
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    What Contributes to Recidivism?

    The Urban Institute has released a double whammy examining factors contributing to recidivism. Working in collaboration with the Massachusetts Department of Corrections, the Massachusetts Recidivism Study contains three interrelated study components addressed in two new reports. Massachusetts Recidivism Study: A Closer Look at Releases and Returns to Prison analyzes DOC administrative data and recidivism on a variety of statistical and demographic fronts. Its companion report, Reincarcerated: The...
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    PEW State-by-State Study Reveals 40% Recidivism Rate

    A recently released report from The PEW Center on the States entitled, State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons , cites the ongoing issue of high recidivism rates despite the funding of over $50 billion per year on corrections. A key component of this study is a comprehensive survey of recidivism on an individual state level, revealing wide differences in recidivism rates. From the executive summary: 43.3 percent of those sent home from prison in 2004 were reincarcerated...
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    Award-Winning Report on Geriatric and Seriously Ill Inmates

    A hot correctional topic was one of the ten winners of the National Conference of State Legislatures' 2006 Notable Document Awards. From Pennsylvania, the Report of the Advisory Committee on Geriatric and Seriously Ill Inmates extensively examines such areas as health care, hospice, mental health, and geriatric and life-sentenced inmates.
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    Returning Home: How Can Reentry Be Improved?

    The Urban Institute has been examining reintegration issues in a series of in depth reports, Returning Home : Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry. A new release, One Year Out : Experiences of Prisoners Returning to Cleveland, details the challenges offenders face in real life and identifies factors associated with reintegration success and failure.
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    Reducing Recidivism: A Review of Effective State Initiatives

    A new report, issued by Justice Strategies and commissioned by the Colorado Criminal Justice Reform Coalition, will be presented today at a hearing before the Colorado legislative Judiciary Committees. While addressed to the Colorado audience, Reducing Recidivism: A Review of Effective State Initiatives discusses efforts and evaluative research in several states, with particular emphasis on Maryland's Proactive Community Supervision program.
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    What Works/Does Not Work in Reentry

    As Federal, state, and local governments look toward reentry programming as a means to improve outcomes for prisoners returning to the community, researchers are beginning to produce results regarding the effectiveness of these efforts. The Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency has just posted an extensive review of the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections' Community Orientation and Reintegration (COR) program, research done by Linda G. Smith and Denise R. Suttle of the International...
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This blog is funded by a contract from the National Institute of Corrections, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view or opinions stated in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.