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New in the Library: Women’s Risk Factors and New Treatments/Interventions for Addressing Them
NIC News & Updates


Presented at the UNAFEI (United Nations Asia and Far East Institute) International Senior Seminar in February 2013, Women’s Risk Factors and New Treatments/Interventions for Addressing Them: Evidence-Based Interventions in the United States and Canada by Patricia Van Voorhis, describes assessments of female offenders used by correctional agencies and the programs and resources provided by these agencies to meet female offenders' needs.

Highlighted from the paper:Women's Risk Factors

  • Between 1977 and 2004, the female incarceration rate grew by a staggering 757%. This was twice as high as the growth in the male incarceration rate over the same period (Frost,Greene & Pranis, 2006). Female community correctional populations also surged, 30% between 1995 and 2010 in comparison to men where the comparative increase was 8.4% (Glaze & Bonczar, 2011).
  • Prior to the interest in gender-responsive approaches, a good deal of correctional research and innovation had already taken place in the United States, Northern Europe, and Canada…Most of this research was conducted on men, however, and that fact proved somewhat problematic to the task of developing meaningful programs for women offenders.
  • National Institute of Corrections/University of Cincinnati studies found that the gender-responsive needs made statistically significant contributions to the earlier, gender-neutral assessments, indicating that the addition of the gender-responsive risk factors made the whole process of risk assessment more accurate for women than it would have been without the womenʼs needs.
  • A number of specific programs have been developed to address some of the gender-responsive risk factors: Beyond Trauma, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Forever Free, Helping Women Recover, Moving On, Seeking Safety, and Women Offender Case Management Model (WOCMM).

Access the full report

This announcement is available at NIC's Gender-Responsive News for Women and Girls.  Feel free to forward to friends and colleagues.  Subscribe to the newsletter at

For additional resources on Justice-Involved Women go to NIC’s Women Offenders.

Posted Tue, Oct 7 2014 7:26 AM by Susan Powell


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