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Newly Released - Behavior Management of Justice-Involved Individuals: Contemporary Research and State-of-the-Art Policy and Practice
NIC News & Updates


Behavior Management

The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and the Center for Effective Public Policy are pleased to announce the release of NIC’s publication, Behavior Management of Justice-Involved Individuals: Contemporary Research and State-of-the-Art Policy and Practice, a document authored by Madeline M. Carter, Principal, Center for Effective Public Policy. This document can be accessed at

All justice-involved individuals who are under community supervision are expected to abide by a set of conditions. Unfortunately, a significant portion will violate one or more of their terms and conditions of supervision at some point, either by committing a new offense or by committing a technical violation—an infraction related to failing to comply with the technical rules set by the releasing authority.

Many of these individuals will be incarcerated as a result of a violation. Yet, incarcerating individuals for violations does not necessarily achieve the desired public safety impact in terms of reducing future violations and recidivism. There remains an endless “revolving door” of individuals who are placed on community supervision, engage in further problematic behavior, and return to correctional facilities to likely repeat the cycle again.

This paper provides a policy and practice framework to support the development of effective behavior management systems that will increase the compliance and prosocial behavior of justice-involved individuals both during and following their community supervision. This monograph:

  • describes the research on effective behavior change strategies, including a review of the principles of correctional interventions and research supporting the use of sanctions and rewards;
  • introduces contemporary practices being implemented across the country to increase the compliance and prosocial behavior of justice-involved individuals;
  • outlines the key elements of an effective policy and practice approach to managing behavior;
  • provides a step-by-step strategy professionals can use to develop or advance their behavior management policies and practices; and
  • identifies future areas of work in the advancement of behavior management systems that could lead to improved public safety outcomes.

This paper represents the most recent of NIC’s and CEPP’s efforts to equip justice system officials to respond to violation behavior in appropriate ways and to provide information and tools on effective offender management and risk reduction. For more information and additional resources, please visit the NIC website at or the Center for Effective Public Policy’s website at

For more information, contact:

Greg Crawford, Correctional Program Specialist
Community Services Division
National Institute of Corrections


Madeline “Mimi” Carter, Principal
Center for Effective Public Policy


Posted Tue, Jan 13 2015 7:06 AM by Susan Powell


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