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Reducing Economic Disparities for Female Offenders: The Oxford House Model
NIC News & Updates


Available through the DePaul University, College of Science and Health, this study focuses on the positive relationship between living in Oxford House and an increase in employment wages for women with a criminal history. Oxford House is the largest single network of recovery houses in the United States, with more than 10,000 individuals living in approximately 1700 houses (Oxford House Inc., 2013). The houses are usually located in middle-class neighborhoods with access to jobs and transportation, allowing residents to live in healthy communities conducive to recovery. The houses are single-sex and house 6 to 12 people, and are affordable at an average rent of $100 per week.


Method: This study used a nationwide sample of 136 women living in Oxford Houses in a Moderated regression analysis with length of stay in Oxford House predicting employment wages, and moderated by criminal history.

Results: Our analysis revealed there was an overall positive relationship between length of stay in Oxford House and employment wages. Additionally, criminal history modified the association between length of stay and employment wages, and length of stay had a significantly greater impact on employment wages for women with criminal convictions.

Implications: The findings provide a needed contribution to criminological and economic literature by identifying a setting that decreases economic disparities for formerly incarcerated women. Results can inform future policy, research, and the development of gender sensitive aftercare programs, assisting transitioning women in reentering mainstream society, and increasing their chances of obtaining and retaining employment.

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This announcement is available at NIC’s Gender-Responsive News for Women and Girls.  Feel free to forward to friends and colleagues.  Subscribe to the newsletter at

For additional resources on Justice-Involved Women go to NIC’s Women Offenders.

Posted Tue, Jun 28 2016 12:29 PM by Susan Powell


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